Preparatory education for basic education (VALMO)
Preparatory education for basic education is meant for students who have just moved to Finland and who speak a foreign language. Preparatory education gives students the necessary skills for moving on to basic education. Students will learn Finnish and other skills needed at school.
The teaching is mainly organized as group teaching. There are preparatory education groups in different schools and the child will study in a group an average of one year before moving on to a local school.
Finnish as a Second Language and Literature (S2) and Swedish as a Second Language and Literature (R2)
When a student whose native language is not Finnish or Swedish starts in basic education, a syllabus of either Finnish as a Second Language and Literature (S2) or Swedish as a Second Language and Literature (R2) will be chosen for him/her. The aim of the syllabus is to support the development of the child’s Finnish or Swedish skills.
The child can also study together with children who study Finnish or Swedish as a native language.
Education given in students’ native languages (OMO)
Education given in students’ native languages means the teaching of basic education subjects in the native language of the student. Education given in students’ native languages supports the student’s readiness to learn. The planning, implementation and evaluation of teaching will be done in co-operation with the native language teacher and the class or subject teacher.
Supported teaching (MATU)
Supported teaching means the teaching of various subjects to students who need support with their developing language of studying and with other studying skills.
Native language education (MAI)
Native language education is meant for students whose native language is something other than Finnish or Swedish. The education strengthens linguistic skills and the cultural identity. Also students who have learnt the language abroad can participate in the teaching.
Teaching is given in over 20 different languages. The lessons are usually after school day in specifically selected schools.
Romany language can be studied by students who speak Romany as their native language or if Romany is one of the languages their family speaks. The task of Romany language education is to support the students’ interest in Romany language and culture. Times and locations of teaching groups are selected for one school year at a time.
VALMO is meant for students whose native languages are not Finnish or Swedish and prepares them for basic education. The students learn Finnish and other skills for approximately a year before transferring to local schools.
Students whose native languages are not Finnish or Swedish can choose between Finnish as a Second Language and Literature (S2) or Swedish as Second Language and Literature (R2).
OMO is education given in students’ native languages.
Supported teaching (MATU) is education given to students who require support for developing their skills in the language they are studying in and other study-related skills.
Native language education (MAI) is education given to students whose native language is not Finnish or Swedish. Students who have already learned the language while living abroad can also participate in native language education.
Romani language education is available to students who speak Romani as a native language or use it with their family.