Big small town
Turku has always had a special role among Finnish cities. European art, science, religious and political movements have found their way to Finland through Turku since the 13th century. This history has given the city a distinctively civilised and cultural atmosphere. Turku is also multicultural, as evidenced by the myriad nationalities, languages and customs. The city is home to people of over 130 nationalities, who speak over one hundred different languages.
The Northern Growth Zone is a northern Baltic zone stretching from Stockholm to St Petersburg designed to bring the area’s actors together to boost the region’s attractiveness and competitiveness in the global arena through the creation of a single, internationally recognized market, a single commuter belt and a world class industry and business cluster.
Action for the Baltic Sea Region
Located at the crossroads of the Baltic Sea where shipbuilding, the harbour and international trade have shaped the way of life, Turku has always been an international city.
Turku is especially active in the Baltic Sea cooperation, partly due to its history as the former capital of Finland and gateway to the world. Today, Turku is the home of Finland’s maritime cluster, where the biggest, most luxurious and environmentally advanced cruise ships sailing the oceans are designed and built.
The many problems of the Baltic Sea, worst of all the eutrophication, impact the habitat types of marine environments. Habitat types are areas of land or water with certain environmental conditions and plant and animal species. Their well-being is the prerequisite for using the sea for recreation and economic purposes.
Half of the underwater habitat types of the Baltic Sea are either endangered or extremely endangered. The most endangered habitat types are close to us in the Archipelago Sea and the Gulf of Finland where the human impact on the marine habitats is the greatest.