Turku is located between land and sea, on the coast of the Baltic Sea, so its nature is diverse and beautiful. Turku has many different kinds of nature trails and conservation areas, and the presence of the Archipelago Sea brings thousands of small islands and islets – the life at sea – close.
However, the beauty of the nature should not be taken for granted. In order to preserve the diversity of nature also for the following generations, we all should mend our ways.
The many problems of the Baltic Sea, worst of all the eutrophication, impact the habitat types of marine environments. Habitat types are areas of land or water with certain environmental conditions and plant and animal species. Their well-being is the prerequisite for using the sea for recreation and economic purposes.
Half of the underwater habitat types of the Baltic Sea are either endangered or extremely endangered. The most endangered habitat types are close to us in the Archipelago Sea and the Gulf of Finland where the human impact on the marine habitats is the greatest.