Statistical data about Turku 2017

Early history of the City of Turku

  • In 1229, the bishopric was moved from Nousiainen to Koroinen (approx. 2 kilometres from the present-day Market Square)
  • Turku Castle was founded in the 1280s
  • The construction of Turku Cathedral began on the present-day site in the 1280s
  • Turku became a city in the end of the 13th century and is the oldest city in Finland
  • The first known seal of the city dates from 1309
  • The first known Finnish coins (Moneta aboen(sis), abo, Turun raha) were minted in about 1410

Urban environment

Climate

Councillors and city personnel

Population, housing and education

Culture and leisure

Family and social services

Working and commercial life

Income

 

Urban environment 2016

The tallest structure  The link tower of Pääskyvuori 122 m
The highest hill  Karhunsauna 89 m
The longest street (in the square plan area) Linnankatu 3,690 m
Geographical location and area
City centre (Market Square)  60o27.1'N, 22o16.2'E
Land surface area, km245.7
Population per km2  764

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Climate 2016

 
Mean annual temperature  6.5 oC  
Max. temperature  28.6 o
Min. temperature  -25.0 oC
Precipitation  496 mm
Rainy days (> 0,0 mm)  151

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Councillors and city personnel

 
Councillors 2017 - 2021
The National Coalition Party  17
The Green League  14
The Social Democratic Party of Finland  12
The Left Alliance  12
The True Finns  5
The Center Party of Finland  3
The Swedish People's Party in Finland  3
The Christian Democrats in Finland  1
Total  67
 
Local Elections 2017, polling %: 59.0
City personnel 2016, full time equivalent 10,683

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Population, housing and education

POPULATION ON 31st OF DEC. 2016

Total  187,604
     Men  89,477
Age distribution, %
     0-14:  12.9
     15-64:  66.9
     65+:  20.2
 
Swedish-speaking  5.4 %
Other languages than Finnish and Swedish  10.6 %
Foreign nationals  6.4 %
Changes in population 2016*   
Births  1,818
Deaths  1,812
Net domestic migration  928
Net immigration from abroad  722
Families 2015:  46,559
Average family size  2.59 persons   
Proportion of single-parent families of families with children  27.5 %

HOUSING 2015

Households:  100,153
     households of one person  51.1 %
     five persons or more  2.6 %
Average household size  1.79 persons
Buildings:  21,997
     of which residential  18,280
          detached houses  15,603
 
Total of individual dwellings:  111,600
     detached houses  25.5 %
     apartments 73.0 %
Households in owner-occupied dwellings  49.8 %
Average size of dwellings/person  38.1 m     

EDUCATION

Level of education of population in 2015
Total population over age of 15 years  161,947
     only primary education completed:  26.3 % 
     secondary education completed:  40.9 % 
     tertiary education completed:  32.8 % 
Pupils in comprehensive schools  14,108 (2016)
Students at upper secondary schools 4,116 (2016)
Students at vocational institutes 13,313 (2015)
Students at polytechnics  10,327 (2015)
Students at universities  18,984 (2015)

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Culture and leisure 2016

Libraries  3.1 mill. loans
Youth club houses  19
Public playgrounds  155
Sports grounds and ball parks  231
Public baths  2
Indoor sports facilities  149
     of which swimming pools  8
Jogging tracks  19

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Family and social services 2016

 

Children’s day-care centres  51
Children under school age in municipal day-care on 31st of Dec.  5,383
Children under school age in private day-care on 31st of Dec.  2,025
Households receiving income support  9,307
Support for child care
     support for private care (children on average/ month)  395
     support for home care (children on average/ month)  1,981

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 Working and commercial life

WORKING LIFE

Labour force 2015:  92,660
     Employed  76,830
     Unemployed  15,830
Population outside the labour force 2015:  93,248
     0 – 14-years of age  23,961
     Students, pupils  17,908
     Pensioners  44,704
     Others  6,675
Jobs 2014  93,946
Ratio of jobs to local employed labour force 2014  123.3 %
Unemployment rate, annual mean 2016  16.6 %  (Source: ELY-Centre of Southwestern Finland) 

COMMERCIAL LIFE

House building 2016*
Completed dwellings  1,163
     their average floor area  64.7 m2 
Industry 2015
Gross value of production, EUR million  3,394
Added value of production, EUR million  1,387
Work force in industry  9,960
Water supply and energy generation 2016
Water sold  11.8 mill. m3 
Electricity consumption  1,497 GWh 
District heat consumption  1,638 GWh 
Transport 2016
Cars in traffic  76,671
     per 1,000 inhabitants  409
Killed in road accidents*  1
Injured in road accidents*  207
Local bus traffic (City and private)  21.3 mill. passengers
Airport traffic  324,077 passengers
Port traffic
     Total traffic  2.5 mill. tonnes       
     Passengers  3.3 mill.       
Rail traffic  1.47 mill. passengers

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Income 2015

           

 State taxable incomes (of persons)    
Total number of persons receiving income  160,208
Average income, € 27,294
Total income, EUR million 4,373
 
Tax rate 2017  19.50 %

*Advance information

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