Our climate target
Turku turns 800 in 2029. An unforgettable, impactful and sustainable gift would be attaining carbon-neutrality. Turku aims to be carbon neutral by 2029 and climate positive from then onwards. The goal and its accompanying plan are bold and exemplary. The thrust is to inspire, encourage and support climate actions from all areas of the society - individuals, companies, city units, groups, businesses, civil society etc. The plan was developed and is being implemented with the continuous input of all societal stakeholders. In other words, Turku’s climate action plan is by the people, for the people and with the people of Turku. The climate action plan provides for a shared responsibility in creating the desired Turku from the present Turku. Turku is already an internationally desirable partner and a city sharing its experience with others – a climate city with global visibility. Turku has what it takes to become one of the best climate cities in the world and it is our vision to turn Turku into the best. This requires strong actions and a shared story that must be conveyed. Moving towards a carbon neutral city in 2029 and forward-climate-positive onwards we target the following milestones (level 1990 of the emission reference year):
- In 2021 emissions reduced by 50%
- In 2025 emissions reduced by 65-70%
- In 2029 carbon neutrality
- From 2029 onwards, a climate-positive city
Mitigation measures will be targeted as efficiently as possible based on the emission distributions outlined above. Actions are aimed at reducing emissions as efficiently and sustainably as possible (directly, indirectly, exemplarily or pilot effect). The measures are also based on Turku City Group’s climate responsibility, innovation impact/business impact and participation impact. The most significant entities in mitigation actions include:
- A carbon neutral energy system accounting for approximately two-thirds of greenhouse emissions in the Turku area. The heat, cold, steam and electricity used in the Turku area will be produced in a carbon neutral manner at the latest in 2029 (considering compensations).
- Low carbon sustainable mobility which is approximately one fifth of greenhouse emissions in the Turku area.
- The share of walking, cycling and public transport will be increased through active measures.
- Developing public transport and increasing its use is important for reducing GHGs emissions from mobility. At the same time, reducing emissions from growing public transport is a significant and exemplary climate measure. Public transport in Turku will be turned into a carbon neutral service by 2029. In terms of urban traffic carbon neutrality will be reached already by 2025.
- Sustainable urban structure affects both energy and mobility in the entire urban area. Sustainable urban structure has a positive impact on low emission energy and low emission mobility in the entire functional urban region. At the level of Turku urban region, the sustainable development of community structure is steered and advanced through the regional structural model (the Structural Model 2035 for the Turku Urban Region) and the MAL agreement (concerning land use, housing and transport planning) and programmes, transport system work and transport system plan in collaboration with regional municipalities and the Government.
- Turku City Group sets an example and creates the story of a carbon neutral Turku together. By acting responsibly, the City of Turku and Turku City Group’s subsidiaries can significantly reduce the direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions from their operation, demonstrate climate leadership and set an example. Simultaneously, they develop their operation, implement the Turku strategy and values and create the story of a carbon neutral Turku together.
- Strengthening carbon sinks by increasing the ability of the Turku area and region to absorb atmospheric carbon. Strengthening carbon sinks that absorb atmospheric carbon is a significant climate change mitigation measure. Without tree felling, the carbon absorption of forests owned by the City of Turku already compensates for passenger car emissions in the Turku area. Increasing the carbon absorption capacity of vegetation and soil is affordable in terms of costs and it also has other significant positive effects.
This figure is representing normalized greenhouse gas emissions in Turku between the years 1990-2020. It also shows the emission reduction targets till the year 2029 when Turku aims to be a carbon neutral.