The Turku Museum Centre started assembling its extensive collection of archaeological objects and samples at the end of the 19th century. Today the collection comprises over 100 000 objects dating back to the prehistoric (before 1150 BC) and the historic eras.
The archaeological collection is used in research projects, and it is displayed in exhibitions of the Museum Centre. Objects from this collection are sometimes on loan in other exhibitions.
The findings and samples from archaeological excavations by the Museum Centre are usually deposited in the collection.