It is possible for people living in the same household to avoid the spreading of coronavirus to other family members. Keeping a safety distance of two metres, wearing a mask and maintaining good hand and coughing hygiene are important instructions to follow even at home. There are also other ways to prevent the spreading of COVID-19.

Further information

Maintain good hand and coughing hygiene also at home. People living in the same household should stay in other rooms than the person with coronavirus. If this is not possible, a safety distance of over two metres to the person with coronavirus should be maintained. If you spend time in the same facilities as the person with coronavirus or you spend time near them, you should wear a face mask. This is particularly important if you belong to a medical risk group.

1. React rapidly

Coronavirus spreads even before symptoms occur. If you have become exposed to coronavirus, you must remain in quarantine and make sure you use a hand sanitizer at home. Wear a mask and try to keep a safety distance of at least two metres. These instructions are intended for adults. The precautions must not prevent you from taking care of your children.

2. Wipe surfaces at home regularly

All surfaces at home should be wiped regularly with detergent. Pay particular attention to the remote control, door handles and light switches that are often touched by all family members. They are easy to clean with chlorine-containing cloths sold in stores.

3. Ventilate in the morning and evening

Ventilate every morning and evening for at least 15 minutes. The colder it is outside, the faster ventilation in the room works. The door of the person who has coronavirus must be kept closed.

4. The person with coronavirus should have their own room if possible

It would be good if the person who has become exposed to coronavirus and has caught the infection could live in a different part of the house. However, in many households this is not possible. If the person with coronavirus can stay in their own room, this reduces the risk of others getting the infection. If possible, rooms can be used for different purposes than normally. In a single-room house, residents must try to stay in different parts of the room.

5. Wear a mask in shared facilities

If you have become exposed to coronavirus or you have caught the infection, you can stay in your room without a mask. You must wear a mask even when you go take a shower. Only take it off when you are in the shower and put a new one on afterwards. A medical face mask is sufficient. People who belong to a medical risk group and people who have not been vaccinated may want to use particle filtering masks of type FFP2 or FFP3.

6. Use your phone to send messages

Between adults, it is wise to use phones for communication even at home.

7. Stay apart when you eat your meals 

If you have become exposed or have caught the infection, you must stay apart from others when you eat your meals. Dishes and cutlery are washed as normal after use or disposable tablewear are used.

8. Everyone must have their own towel for washing hands and the toilet seat must be put down during flushing

In the toilet, everyone must have their own towel for washing hands. You must wear a mask in the toilet, enhance ventilation, put the toilet seat down during flushing and wash your hands. The toilet must be cleaned at least daily. Pay particular attention to the taps and the flushing button.

9. Schedule the time of brushing teeth in the morning and evening

The person with coronavirus must be the last one to occupy the toilet. Especially washing your teeth causes a risk because of the droplets. If you are ill or in quarantine, it is wise to switch your electric toothbrush temporarily to a regular toothbrush. During the night, the droplets dry out. In the morning, contact surfaces in the toilet must be wiped.

Instructions given by Chief Physician for Infectious Diseases Jutta Peltoniemi, City of Turku