Statistical data about Turku 2019

Early history of the City of Turku

  • In 1229, the bishopric was moved from Nousiainen to Koroinen (approx. 2 kilometres from the present-day Market Square)
  • Turku Castle was founded in the 1280s
  • The construction of Turku Cathedral began on the present-day site in the 1280s
  • Turku became a city in the end of the 13th century and is the oldest city in Finland
  • The first known seal of the city dates from 1309
  • The first known Finnish coins (Moneta aboen(sis), abo, Turun raha) were minted in about 1410

Urban environment

Climate

Councillors and city personnel

Population, housing and education

Culture and leisure

Family and social services

Working and commercial life

Income

 

Urban environment 2018

The tallest structure  The link tower of Pääskyvuori 122 m
The highest hill  Karhunsauna 89 m
The longest street (in the square plan area) Linnankatu 3,690 m
Geographical location and area
City centre (Market Square)  60o27.1'N, 22o16.2'E
Total area, km306.4
Land surface area, km245.7
Population per km2  779

Back to top of page

Climate 2018

 
Mean annual temperature  7.2 oC  
Max. temperature  33.6 o
Min. temperature  -20.1 oC
Precipitation  455 mm
Rainy days (> 0,0 mm)  150
Departure of Ice Aura River on 22st of March 2019

Back to top of page

Councillors and city personnel

 
Councillors 2019
The National Coalition Party  17
The Green League  14
The Social Democratic Party of Finland  12
The Left Alliance  12
The True Finns  4
The Center Party of Finland  3
The Swedish People's Party in Finland  3
Blue Reform  1
The Christian Democrats in Finland  1
Total  67
 
Local Elections 2017, polling %: 59.0
City personnel 2018, full time equivalent 10,038

Back to top of page

Population, housing and education

POPULATION ON 31st OF DEC. 2018

Total  191,331
     Men  91,487
Age distribution, %
     0-14:  12.8
     15-64:  66.6
     65+:  20.6
 
Swedish-speaking  5.4 %
Other languages than Finnish and Swedish  11.4 %
Foreign nationals  6.6 %
Changes in population 2018*   
Births  1,710
Deaths  1,881
Net domestic migration  1,369
Net immigration from abroad  797
Families 2017:  46,943
Average family size  2.6 persons   
Proportion of single-parent families of families with children  27.9 %

HOUSING 2017

Households:  102,969
     households of one person  52.1 %
     five persons or more  2.6 %
Average household size  1.77 persons
Buildings:  22,367
     of which residential  18,558
          detached houses  15,844
 
Total of individual dwellings:  115,209
     detached houses  25.4 %
     apartments 73.1 %
Households in owner-occupied dwellings  48.4 %
Average size of dwellings/person  38.2 m     

EDUCATION

Level of education of population in 2017
Total population over age of 15 years  165,259
     only primary education completed:  24.9 % 
     secondary education completed:  40.4 % 
     post-secondary non-tertiary education:  0.7 %
     tertiary education completed:  34.0 % 
Pupils in comprehensive schools  14,419 (2018)
Students at upper secondary schools 4,126 (2018)
Students at vocational institutes 13,394 (2017)
Students at polytechnics  10,480 (2017)
Students at universities  18,939 (2017)

Back to top of page

Culture and leisure 2018

Libraries  3.1 mill. loans
Youth club houses  19
Sports grounds and ball parks  231
Public baths  2
Indoor sports facilities  150
     of which swimming pools  8
Jogging tracks  19

Back to top of page

Family and social services 2018

 

Children’s day-care centres  51
Children under school age in municipal day-care on 31st of Dec.  5,428
Children under school age in private day-care on 31st of Dec.  2,468
Households receiving income support (2017)  12,200
Support for child care
     support for private care (children on average/ month)  315
     support for home care (children on average/ month)  1,698

Back to top of page

 Working and commercial life

WORKING LIFE

Labour force 2017:  94,494
     Employed  81,618
     Unemployed  12,876
Population outside the labour force 2017:  95,175
     0 – 14-years of age  24,410
     Students, pupils  17,933
     Pensioners  45,877
     Others  6,955
Jobs 2016  97,273
Ratio of jobs to local employed labour force 2016  124.4 % 
(Source: Statistics Finland)
Unemployment rate, annual mean 2018  12.3 % 
(Source: ELY-Centre of Southwestern Finland) 

COMMERCIAL LIFE

House building 2018*
Completed dwellings  2,665
     their average floor area  47.7 m2 
Industry 2017
Gross value of production, EUR million  4,028
Added value of production, EUR million  1,761
Personnel  10,557
Water supply and energy generation 2018
Water sold  12.2 mill. m3 
Electricity transmission  1,518 GWh 
District heat sold  1,623 GWh 
Transport 2018
Cars in traffic  79,113
     per 1,000 inhabitants  413
Killed in road accidents*  3
Injured in road accidents*  147
Local bus traffic (City and private)  22.0 mill. passengers
Airport traffic  369,432 passengers
Port traffic
     Total traffic  2.3 mill. tonnes       
     Passengers  3.3 mill.       
Rail traffic  1.82 mill. passengers

Back to top of page

Income 2017

           

 State taxable incomes (of persons)    
Total number of persons receiving income  164,223
Average income, € 28,107
Total income, EUR million 4,616
 
Tax rate 2019  19.50 %

*Advance information

Back to top of page

Keywords: